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Essential and Base Oils

Spontaneous plant are those that grow in their place of origin, without sowing or any type of treatment, usually far urban centres, in particular place where harvesting is even done by hand and the oils that are obtained have a particular rotund and special fragrance. This type of crop growing involves utmost respect for the plants and an improv...

Spontaneous plant are those that grow in their place of origin, without sowing or any type of treatment, usually far urban centres, in particular place where harvesting is even done by hand and the oils that are obtained have a particular rotund and special fragrance. This type of crop growing involves utmost respect for the plants and an improvement in their state of health, which is enhanced by cutting the flowering plant. For example, in the conventional method the same environmental protection principles are adopted, without the use of chemical fertilizers or pesticides. Attention is paid to the choice of place of production as well as to selection of the plants.

Unfortunately, however, there is no type of certification by local regulatory bodies for the oils that are obtained. The most highly recommended crops, and therefore the most important in terms of quality of the oil, are organic and biodynamic, guaranteed and controlled by specific certification bodies that ensure and protect the quality. Organic farming is regulated by an important framework regulation of the European Community (2092/91), whose main objective is to maintain soil fertility. In organic farming, the agrosystem must be as close as possible to the ecosystem, and both methods are environmentally friendly. They are included in ecologically sustainable projects in which, as already mentioned, synthetic pesticides, chemical fertilizers, pasticides or invasive treatment for the plant are not used. 

However, biodynamic crops fit even more into a holistic view of life and are based on the philosophy of the German philosopher Steiner: not only are the balsamic time for the harvest and the lunar phases taken into account, but the harmonios relationship between the plant's pace and the entire cosmos as well.

For example, the fertilizens used are not only natural, but there are biodynamic animal farms from which we get the organic materials to fertilize the soil (for nutrient cycling). There is also an action of regulation of the biochemical cycles, through the use of special preparations (for example, Steiner's Preparation 500) used to regulate the forces at work in the soil to be cultivated. Based on this, it is easy to see the difference between the various crops used by man in order to extract the essential oil and properly choose it according to its use.

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Subcategories

  • Base oils

    Natural vegetable oils can be used in skin and hair care alone or in combination with essemtial oils.

  • Essential oils

    Essential oils are perfumed substances or aromatic compounds which in nature are found in different part of plants (such as flowers, leaves, peels, fruits, roots and resins) in the form of small oily droplets. Since the essential oils are more or less volatile (i.e. they tend to easily switch to a gaseous state), they should be stored in dark bottles in a cool room, leaving the bottles open as little as possible and away from both light and heat to prevent oxidation and flammability.

    According to the different degrees of evaporation, essential oils, can be divided into three different large groups:

    A Head notes for the more volatile, dynamic, active and outgoing oils, with high and fresh vibration (e.g. orange, eucalyptus, mint, ect.), and with spiritual or heretical effect.

    Heart notes for the on the average volatile, intens, flovouting, sensual oils, with a soft and floral fragrance (chamomile, neroli, rose, ect.), with effects on personal character and soul.

    C Base notes for the not very volatile, calming, stabilizing, balsamic oils, with a strong and permanent fragrance (such as cinnamon, incense, patchouli, etc.), and effects on the body level.

    The classification according to type of note is very important for the preparation of a harmonios and well balanced mixture such as a perfume, in which it is advisable to do a proper apportionment of the three notes, which must always be present.

    AROMATHERAPY

    The term Aromatherapy means the use of essential oils according to the multiple possibilities of application in order to reinstate or enhance psycho-physical well-being and improve some physiological conditions. Aromatherapy is practised by breathing pure natural essences or by putting them into massage oils, compresses, baths or other beauty treatments, such as shampoos, lotions, masks and poultices, to be applied on the part to be treated, such as the scalp or hair, in the specific case, or on the entire body.

    For examlpe, we consider using it in rooms with the use of diffusers or special aroma lamps. Olfactory perception aromatherapy is the most interesting because the nasal mucosa is the only part of the body where the central nervous system comes into direct contact with the outside world. The cells of the nasal mucosaare neurons, and olfactory stimulation go directly, without any deviations, to the internal part in the centre of the brain. Here lies the oldest part of our brain, the limbic system, in which to date science locates our motivations, likes, dislikes, sexuality, memories and creativity.

    USE AND TIPS

    Use               Essences recommended
    Women  Ylang-ylang and Lavender
    Men  Sandalwood, Orange and Rosemary
    Children  Camomile and Mandarin
    Blond hair  Camomile
    Dark hair  Rosemary and Sandalwood
    Aged hair  Incense, Rosemary and Geranium
    Hair loss  Sandal and Rosemary
    Split ends  Ylang-ylang, Orange and Geranium
    Dry dandruff  Rosemary, Patchouli and Eucalyptus
    Oily dandruff  Eucalyptus, Patchouli and Geranium
    Very oily hair  Orange, Sandalwood and Incense
    To deodorise  Eucalyptus and Mandarin
    To give shine  Orange and Mandarin
    To polish         Sandalwood, Incense
    To opacify  Patchouli, Sandalwood and Rosemary